Adreno is a series of graphics processing unit (GPU) semiconductor intellectual property cores developed by Qualcomm and used in a variety of their SoCs. The core was initially developed under the Imageon brand name by ATI Technologies, which was acquired by AMD in 2006. After AMD sold the division in January 2009, Qualcomm renamed the Imageon products to Adreno, an anagram of Radeon.
The company offers the GPU in various flavors as component of their Snapdragon SoCs:
|Adreno 130||fixed function pipeline||4||0.133||N/A||1.1||1.1||N/A||N/A||Direct3D Mobile||MSM7x00, MSM7x00A, MSM7x01, MSM7x01A|
|Adreno 200 (AMD Z430)||Unified shader model
|8||65||133||22.85||0.133||2.1||N/A||2.0||1.1||N/A||1.4 (freedreno driver)||11
(feature level 9_3)
|Snapdragon S1(MSM7227, MSM7627 QSD8250, QSD8650), Freescale i.MX51, i.MX53|
|Adreno 200 'enhanced'||8||45||200/245||42||0.2/0.245||3.2/3.9||Snapdragon S1 (MSM7227A, MSM7627A, MSM7225A, MSM7625A)|
|Adreno 203||16||45||245/294||40.8-49||0.245/0.294||7.8/9.4||Snapdragon S4 Play (MSM8225, MSM8625), Snapdragon 200 (MSM8225Q, MSM8625Q)|
|Adreno 205||16||45||245||40.8/44.3||0.245/0.266||7.8/8.5||Snapdragon S2 (MSM7x30, MSM8x55, APQ8055)|
|Adreno 220||32||45||266||88.7||0.532||17||Snapdragon S3 (APQ8060, MSM8x60)|
|Adreno 225||32||28||400||133.3||0.8||12.8/19.2/25.6||Snapdragon S4 Plus (APQ8060A, MSM8x60A, MSM8960)|
|Adreno 302||Unified shader model
Scalar instruction set
|24||28||400||19.2||N/A||3.0||1.1||1.1 embedded profile||3.1 (freedreno driver)||11
(feature level 9_3)
|Snapdragon 200 (MSM8210, MSM8610, MSM8212, MSM8612)|
|Adreno 304||24||28||400||19.2||Snapdragon 208, Snapdragon 210, Snapdragon 212|
|Adreno 305||24||28||400/450||66.7/75||0.8||19.2/21.6||Snapdragon S4 Plus (MSM8x27), Snapdragon 400 (MSM8x26, MSM8x28, MSM8x30, MSM8x30AB, APQ8026, APQ8030)|
|Adreno 306||24||28||400||21.6||planned to support||Snapdragon 410 (MSM8916), Snapdragon 412 (MSM8916v2)|
|Adreno 308||24||28||500||27||Snapdragon 425 (MSM8917)
Snapdragon 427 (MSM8920)
|Adreno 320||64||28||400||225||1.6||57.6||N/A||Snapdragon S4 Pro (MSM8960T, APQ8064, APQ8064-1AA), Snapdragon S4 Prime (MPQ8064)|
|Adreno 320 2nd gen||96||28||400/450||225/253.1||2.4/2.7||86.4/97.2||Snapdragon 600 (APQ8064T, APQ8064AB)|
|Adreno 330||128||28||450/550/578||253.1/309.4/325.1||3.6/4.4/4.624||129.8/158.4/166.5||Snapdragon 800 (MSM8974, APQ8074), Snapdragon 801 (MSM8274AB, MSM8974AB, MSM8974AC)|
|Adreno 405||Unified shader model||48||28||550||59.4||planned to support||3.1||1.1||1.2 full profile||3.1 (freedreno driver)||11
(feature level 11_1)
|Snapdragon 415 (MSM8929), Snapdragon 615 (MSM8939), Snapdragon 616 (MSM8939v2), Snapdragon 617 (MSM8952)|
|Adreno 418||128||20||600||163.2/172.8||1.0||Snapdragon 808 (MSM8992)|
|Adreno 420||128||28||500/600||281.3/337.5||4/4.8||144/172.8||planned to support||3.2||Snapdragon 805 (APQ8084)|
|Adreno 430||192||20||500/600/650||?||4.8/6.0/6.6||324/388/420||1.0||Snapdragon 810 (APQ8094, MSM8994)|
|Adreno 505||Unified shader model + Unified memory||48||28||450||?||?||?||48.6||1.0||3.1||?||2.0 Full||N/A||12
(feature level 12_1)
|Snapdragon 430 (MSM8937), Snapdragon 435|
|Adreno 506||96||14||650||?||?||?||130||Snapdragon 625, Snapdragon 626,
|Adreno 508||96||14||850||?||?||?||170||Snapdragon 630|
|Adreno 509||?||14||?||?||?||?||?||?||?||Snapdragon 636|
|Adreno 510||128||28||600||?||?||?||180||3.2 (3.1 + AEP)||3.2||Snapdragon 650 (MSM8956), Snapdragon 652 (MSM8976),
Snapdragon 653 (MSM8976PRO)
|Adreno 512||128||14||850||?||?||?||255||Snapdragon 660 (MSM8976 Plus)|
|Adreno 530||256||14||510/624/650||?||6.7/8.1||?||407/498/519||Snapdragon 820 (MSM8996),
Snapdragon 821 (MSM8996PRO)
|Adreno 540||256||10||710||?||?||?||567||Snapdragon 835 (MSM8998)|
|Adreno 610||Unified shader model + Unified memory||1.0||3.2||?||2.0 Full||N/A||12
(feature level 12.1)
|Adreno 620||Snapdragon 670|
|Adreno 630||10||Snapdragon 845|
- Adreno 130 inside the MSM7x01, and MSM7x01A. It supports OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenVG 1.1, EGL 1.3, Direct3D Mobile, SVGT 1.2, Direct Draw and GDI.
- Adreno 200 (AMD Z430) inside the QSD8x50 and MSM7x27 (133 MHz). It offers a programmable function pipeline and streaming textures with support for OpenGL ES 1.0, OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenVG 1.1, EGL 1.4, Direct3D Mobile, SVGT 1.2 and DirectDraw. (22M triangles/second, 133M pixels/second, clock speed up to 133 MHz).
- Adreno 200 enhanced inside the MSM7x25A and MSM7x27A (200 MHz). It supports OpenGL ES 2.0, OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenVG 1.1, EGL 1.4, Direct3D Mobile, SVGT 1.2, Direct Draw and GDI. (40M triangles/second, 200M pixels/second, clock speed up to 200 MHz).
- Adreno 203 inside the MSM8225 and MSM8225Q (400 MHz). It is an improvement over Adreno 205. It features a higher frequency, has better pixel fillrate, lower power consumption, better 3D performance. It is about 50-100% faster than Adreno 200 (enhanced), and 10–25% than Adreno 205. It could clock 2x times higher than Adreno 205. It supports OpenGL ES 2.0, OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenVG 1.1, EGL 1.4, Direct3D Mobile, DirectX 9.0c, SVGT 1.2, Direct Draw and GDI. (42-50M triangles/second, 250-300M pixels/second, clock speed from 192-400 MHz)
- Adreno 205 inside the QSD8x50A, MSM7x30, and MSM8x55 (245 GHz). Its improvements include Hardware-accelerated SVG and Adobe Flash and better shader-performance than the Adreno 200. It supports OpenGL ES 2.0, OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenVG 1.1, EGL 1.4, Direct3D Mobile, SVGT 1.2, Direct Draw and GDI. (57M triangles/second, 250M pixels/second, clock speed up to 400 MHz)
- Adreno 220 inside the MSM8660 or MSM8260 (266MHZ) with single channel memory. It supports OpenGL ES 2.0, OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenVG 1.1, EGL 1.4, Direct3D Mobile, DirectX 9.0c, SVGT 1.2, Direct Draw and GDI. (88M triangles/second, 500M pixels/second, standard clock speed up to 266 MHz, overclock up to 400 MHz).
- Adreno 225 inside the MSM8960 (400 MHz), with unified shader architecture and dual channel memory. It supports Direct3D 9.0c in addition to OpenGL ES 2.0, OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenVG 1.1, EGL 1.4, Direct3D Mobile, SVGT 1.2, Direct Draw and GDI.
- Adreno 320 inside the Qualcomm S4 Pro & Prime Series, with unified shader architecture and dual channel memory. It supports Direct3D feature level 9_3 in addition to OpenGL ES 3.0, OpenGL ES 2.0, OpenGL ES 1.1, OpenVG 1.1, EGL 1.4, Direct3D Mobile, SVGT 1.2
- Adreno 330 inside the Nexus 5, Amazon Kindle HDX series tablets, Amazon Fire phone, Nokia Lumia 2520 tablet, Nokia Lumia 1520, Nokia Lumia Icon, Nokia Lumia 930, Samsung Galaxy S5, Samsung Galaxy Note 3, Sony Xperia Z1, Sony Xperia Z1 Compact, Sony Xperia Z2, Sony Xperia Z3, Sony Xperia Z3 Compact, Sony Xperia Z Ultra, Xiaomi Mi3, Xiaomi Mi4, OnePlus One, HTC One (M8) and LG G2/G3 smartphones.
- Adreno 420 inside the Qualcomm Snapdragon 805 supports Direct3D 11.2 runtime (feature level 11_1). Inside the Google Nexus 6, Samsung Galaxy S5 LTE-A, Samsung Galaxy Note 4, Samsung Galaxy Note Edge, LG G3 Cat. 6, Amazon Fire HDX 8.9 (2014).
Operating system support
There are proprietary drivers for the Linux-based mobile operating system Android available from Qualcomm themselves. Historically only way to have GPU support on non-android Linux was with libhybris wrapper.
The Imageon (previously ATI Imageon) is a line of media processors developed by ATI providing graphics acceleration and other multimedia features for handheld devices such as mobile phones and Personal Digital Assistants (PDA).
Designed as system-on-a-chip (SoC), the Imageon line of media processors was introduced in 2002 to bring integrated graphics (from 2D in 2002 to 3D in latest products) to handheld devices, cellphones and tablet PCs.
The system-on-a-chip design incorporates an embedded CPU core, baseband sub-system CPU interface, memory controller, power management (ATI PowerPlay), internal RAM and stacked RAM with memory buffer, two display engines (for dual monitors on cellphones), imaging engine, image/video/audio capture engine, TV and audio output, dual digital signal processors for audio and video, and video acceleration engine.
The Imageon line was rebranded under AMD, after AMD acquired ATI in Q3 2006, as AMD Imageon, with official claims to have shipped nearly 250 million Imageon units to customers since 2003. However, as a result of company restructuring, AMD divested the handheld chipset business starting from the second quarter of 2008, thus the line is deemed officially discontinued.
At the end of 2008, the handheld branch was sold off to Qualcomm, following an earlier sale of the Xilleon branch to Broadcom. AMD retained the Imageon name and will provide support for existing customers, although no future Imageon products will be introduced.
- Imageon 2294/2298, renamed Imageon M100 series. Current top-of-line product, processor includes DVD quality recording and playback, HD TV output, and supports up to a 12-megapixel camera sensor. Products include Imageon M180.
- Imageon TV. Announced in February 2006, as the first Imageon product in the line featuring Digital Video Broadcasting - Handheld (DVB-H) signal receiving support, allowing handhelds devices to receive digital broadcast TV (DVB-H) signals and enables watching TV programs on these devices, the chipset includes tuner, demodulator, decoder, and a full software stack.
Newest Brazilian Tectoy Console called Zeebo uses the ATI Imageon Chip to deliver fast and reliable graphics plus 3G access to download updates and new games for the console.
Announced in 2008 Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, AMD renews the Imageon line with the following products:
- Imageon A250 application processor
- Imageon D160 mobile TV solution
In addition to the application processor and the mobile TV solution chip, AMD also licenses several technologies to other firms and partners, such technologies include audio and graphics processors, as listed below:
- Imageon M210 audio processor
- Imageon Z460 3D graphics core - this is an IP core synthesized in for example Freescale's i.MX5x series of application processors
- Imageon Z180 vector graphics core
- PowerVR – available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- Mali – available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- Vivante – available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- Tegra – family of SoCs for mobile computers, the graphics core could be available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- VideoCore – family of SOCs, by Broadcom, for mobile computers, the graphics core could be available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- Atom family of SoCs – with Intel graphics core, not licensed to 3rd parties
- AMD mobile APUs – with AMD graphics core, not licensed to 3rd parties