This line of GPUs was a result of ARM Holdings acquisition of Falanx Microsystems A/S June 23, 2006.
Like other embedded IP cores for 3D rendering acceleration, the Mali GPU does not include display controllers driving monitors (such as the combination often found in common video cards). Instead the Mali ARM core is a pure 3D engine that renders graphics into memory and hands the rendered image over to another core that handles the display.
ARM does, however, license display controller SIP cores independently of the Mali 3D accelerator SIP block, e.g. Mali DP500, DP550 and DP650.
Display controllers such as the ARM HDLCD display controller are available separately.
The Mali core grew out of the cores previously produced by Falanx and currently constitute:
|?||200–600||256 KiB||55||0.5||?||1.2–5.4||Allwinner A10, A20, A33, H3, A64|
|?||300–750||512 KiB||142||2.6||?||4.5–11.9||Amlogic S805, S802, S812, S905, Allwinner H5|
|Mali-T604||Midgard 1 gen||?||1–4||32
|?||533||32–256 KiB||90||0.533||?||17||3.1||Full Profile 1.1||11
|Mali-T622||Midgard 2 gen||?||1–2||32
|Mali-T720||Midgard 3 gen||Oct 2013||1–8||28||?||400–700||32–256 KiB||650||5.2||?||6.8–11.9||Exynos 7580, MT6735, MT6753|
|Mali-T760||Oct 2013||1–16||28 / 14||1.75 mm per shader core at 14 nm||600–772||256–2048 KiB||1300||10.4||?||17–26.2||1.0||3.2||Full Profile 1.2||11
|Exynos 7420, Exynos 5433, MT6752, MT6732, RK3288|
|Mali-T820||Midgard 4 gen||Q4 2015||1–4||28||?||600||32–256 KiB||400||2.6||?||10.2||11
|Mali-T830||28||?||600–950||32–256 KiB||400||2.6||?||20.4–32.3||Kirin 650/655, Exynos 7870, Exynos 7880|
|Helio P10 (MT6755) / PineCone Surge S1|
|Mali-T880||Q2 2016||1–16||16||?||650–1000||256–2048 KiB||1700||13.6||?||22.1–34||Exynos 8890, Helio P20 (MT6757), Helio P25, Helio X20 (MT6797), Kirin 950/955|
|?||?||?||?||?||?||?||Full Profile 2.0||11 |
Some Microarchitectures (or just some Chips?) support cache coherency for the L2 cache with the CPU.
Adaptive Scalable Texture Compression (ASTC) is supported by Mali-T620, T720/T760, T820/T830/T860/T880 and Mali-G series.
The Mali GPU variants can be found in the following systems on chips (SoCs):
|Allwinner||Allwinner A1X (A10, A10s, A13)||Mali-400 MP @ 300 MHz|
|A20, A23, A33, H2, H3, A64, H64, R8, R16, R40, R18||Mali-400 MP2 @ 350/350/350/600/600/?/?/?/?/?/? MHz|
|Amlogic||8726-M series (8726-M1, 8726-M3, 8726-M6, 8726-MX)||Mali-400 MP/MP2 @ 250/400 MHz|
|8726-M8 series (M801, M802, S801, S802, S812)||Mali-450 MP6 @ 600 MHz|
|8726-M8B series (M805, S805)||Mali-450 MP2 @ 500 MHz|
|S905, S905X/D/L||Mali-450 MP3 @ 750 MHz|
|S912||Mali-T820 MP3 @ 600 MHz|
|T966||Mali-T830 MP2 @ 650 MHz|
|CSR||Quatro 5300 Series||Mali-400 MP|
|HiSilicon||Kirin 620||Mali-450 MP4 @ 533 MHz|
|Kirin 650/655/658/659||Mali-T830 MP2 @ 900 MHz|
|Kirin 910/910T||Mali-450 MP4 @ 533/700 MHz|
|Kirin 920/925/928||Mali-T628 MP4 @ 600/600/? MHz|
|Kirin 930/935||Mali-T628 MP4 @ 600/680 MHz|
|Kirin 950/955||Mali-T880 MP4 @ 900 MHz|
|Kirin 960||Mali-G71 MP8 @ 1037 MHz|
|Kirin 970||Mali-G72 MP12 @ 767 MHz|
|Leadcore||LC1810, LC1811, LC1813, LC1913||Mali-400|
|LC1860, LC1860C, LC1960||Mali-T628 MP2 @ 600 MHz|
|MediaTek||MT6571, MT6572, MT6572M||Mali-400 MP1 @ ?/500/400 MHz|
|MT6580||Mali-400 MP1 @ 500 MHz|
|MT6582/MT6582M||Mali-400 MP2 @ 500/416 MHz|
|MT6588, MT6591, MT6592, MT6592M, MT8127||Mali-450 MP4 @ 600/700/600/600 MHz|
|MT6732, MT6732M, MT6752, MT6752M||Mali-T760 MP2 @ 500/500/700/700 MHz|
|MT6735, MT6735M, MT6735P||Mali-T720 MP2 @ 600/500/400 MHz|
|MT6737, MT6737T||Mali-T720 MP2 @ 550/600 MHz|
|MT6750||Mali-T860 MP2 @ 520 MHz|
|MT6753||Mali-T720 MP3 @ 700 MHz|
|MT6755, MT6755M, MT6755T||Mali-T860 MP2 @ 700/650/800 MHz|
|MT6757, MT6757CD||Mali-T880 MP2 @ 900 MHz/1.0 GHz|
|MT6797, MT6797D, MT6797T, MT6797X||Mali-T880 MP4 @ 780/850/875 MHz|
|MT8735||Mali-T720 MP2 @ 450 MHz|
|Helio P23||Mali-G71 MP2 @ 770 MHz|
|Helio P30||Mali-G71 MP2 @ 950 MHz|
|Nufront||NS2816, NS2816M||Mali-400 MP|
|NS115, TL7688, TL7689||Mali-400 MP2|
|RK2926, RK2628, RK3036, RK3229||Mali-400 MP @ 400/400/500/600 MHz|
|RK3026, RK3126, RK3128||Mali-400 MP2 @ 500/600/600 MHz|
|RK3066, RK3188, RK3188T||Mali-400 MP4 @ 266/533/~400 MHz|
|RK3288||Mali-T760 MP4 @ 600 MHz|
|RK3399||Mali-T860 MP4 @ 600 MHz|
|Samsung||Exynos 3 Quad (3470), Exynos 4 Dual, Quad (4210, 4212 and 4412)||Mali-400 MP4|
|Exynos 5 Dual (5250)||Mali-T604 MP4|
|Exynos 5 Hexa (5260)||Mali-T624 MP3|
|Exynos 5 Octa (5420, 5422, 5430 and 5800)||Mali-T628 MP6|
|Exynos 7 Octa (5433/7410)||Mali-T760 MP6|
|Exynos 7 Octa (7420)||Mali-T760 MP8|
|Exynos 7 Quad (7570),Exynos 3 Quard(3475)||Mali-T720 MP1|
|Exynos 7 Octa (7580)||Mali-T720 MP2|
|Exynos 7 Octa (7870)||Mali-T830 MP1|
|Exynos 7 Octa (7880)||Mali-T830 MP3|
|Exynos 8 Octa (8890)||Mali-T880 MP10 (Lite) / Mali-T880 MP12|
|Exynos 9 Octa (8895)||Mali-G71 MP20 @ 546MHz|
|Exynos 9 Series 9810||Mali-G72 (?)|
|S5P6450 Vega||Mali-400 MP|
|Sigma Designs||SMP8750 Series||Mali-400 MP4 @ 350 MHz|
|Spreadtrum||SC68xx, SC57xx, SC77xx, SC8xxx, SC983x||Mali-400 MP Series|
|SC9860, SC9860GV||Mali-T880 MP4|
|ST-Ericsson||NovaThor U9500, U8500, U5500||Mali-400 MP|
|STi7108, STiH416||Mali-400 MP|
|Telechips||TCC8803, TCC8902, TCC8900, TCC9201||Mali-200|
|WM8850, WM8950||Mali-400 MP|
|WM8880, WM8980||Mali-400 MP2|
|Xiaomi||Surge S1||Mali-T860 MP4 @ 800 MHz|
|Surge S2||Mali-G71 MP12 @ 900 MHz (?)|
Mali Video is the name given to ARM Holdings' dedicated video decoding and video encoding ASIC. There are multiple versions implementing a number of video codecs, such as HEVC, VP9, H.264 and VP8. As with all ARM products, the Mali Video Processor is a semiconductor intellectual property core licensed to third parties for inclusion in their chips. Real time encode-decode capability is central to videotelephony. An interface to ARM's TrustZone technology is also built-in to enable Digital Rights Management of copyrighted material.
The first version of a Mali Video processor was the V500, released in 2013 with the Mali-T622 GPU. The V500 is a multicore design, sporting 1–8 cores, with support for H.264 and a protected video path using ARM TrustZone. The 8 core version is sufficient for 4K video decode at 120 frames per second (fps). The V500 can encode VP8 and H.264, and decode H.264, H.263, MPEG4, MPEG2, VC-1/WMV, Real, VP8.
Released with the Mali-T800 GPU, ARM V550 video processors added both encode and decode HEVC support, 10-bit color depth, and technologies to further reduced power consumption. The V550 also included technology improvements to better handle latency and save bandwidth. Again built around the idea of a scalable number of cores (1–8) the V550 could support between 1080p60 (1 core) to 4K120 (8 cores). The V550 supported HEVC Main, H.264, VP8, JPEG encode, and HEVC Main 10, HEVC Main, H.264, H.263, MPEG4, MPEG2, VC-1/WMV, Real, VP8, JPEG decode.
The Mali V61 video processor (formerly named Egil) was released with the Mali Bifrost GPU in 2016. V61 has been designed to improve video encoding, in particular HEVC and VP9, and to allow for encoding either a single or multiple streams simultaneously. The design continues the 1–8 variable core number design, with a single core supporting 1080p60 while 8 cores can drive 4Kp120. It can decode and encode VP9 10-bit, VP9 8-bit, HEVC Main 10, HEVC Main, H.264, VP8, JPEG and decode only MPEG4, MPEG2, VC-1/WMV, Real, H.263.
|Announced||June 2, 2013||October 27, 2014||October 31, 2016|
|Bus interface||AMBA 3 AXI
AMBA 4 ACE Lite
|Performance||1080p60 (1 core) to 4K120 (8 core)|
|H.264||D & E||D & E||D & E|
|VP8||D & E||D & E||D & E|
|JPEG||-||D & E||D & E|
|HEVC Main||-||D & E||D & E|
|HEVC Main 10||-||D||D & E|
|VP9 8-bit||-||-||D & E|
|VP9 10-bit||-||-||D & E|
On May 8th 2010 the Mali-DP500 Display Processor was launched alongside the Cortex-A17 core.
On October 27th 2014 the Mali-DP550 Display Processor was launched alongside the Mali-T800 series GPU and V550 Video Processor.
On January 20th 2016 the Mali-DP650 Display Processor was launched.
On October 31th 2017 the Mali-D71 Display Processor was launched alongside CoreLink MMU-600 and Assertive Display 5.
|Announced||May 8, 2010||October 27, 2014||January 20, 2016||October 31, 2017|
|Optimized res||n/a||720p (HD) to 1080p (FHD)||1440p (QHD)||1440p (QHD) to 2160p (UHD/4K)|
|Maximum res||2160p (4K)||2160p (4K)||2160p (4K)||2160p (4K) up to 120fps|
On April 25th 2017 the Mali-C71 was announced, ARM's first Image Signal Processor (ISP).
|Announced||April 25, 2017|
|Camera support||4x 4096x4096|
|Dynamic Range||24 stops|
|Channel support||RGGB, RCCC, RGBIr, RCCB, RCCG|
|up to 16 channels|
The Lima FOSS driver
On January 21, 2012, Phoronix reported that Luc Verhaegen is driving a reverse-engineering attempt aimed at the Mali series of GPUs, specifically the Mali 200 and Mali 400 versions. The project will be known as Lima and support OpenGL ES 2.0. The reverse-engineering project was presented at FOSDEM, February 4, 2012, followed by the opening of a website demonstrating some renders. On February 2, 2013, Verhaegen demonstrated Quake III Arena in timedemo mode, running on top of the Lima driver.
- Adreno – GPU developed by Qualcomm (formerly AMD, then Freescale)
- PowerVR – by Imagination Technologies
- Vivante – available as SIP block to third parties
- Tegra – family of SoCs for mobile computers, the graphics core could be available as SIP block to third parties
- VideoCore – family of SOCs, by Broadcom, for mobile computers, the graphics core could be available as SIP block to third parties.
- Atom family of SoCs – with Intel graphics core, not licensed to third parties
- AMD mobile APUs – with AMD graphics core, not licensed to third parties